This is a 2 day course that surveys a number of frameworks and models that can be used to cope with moral and ethical dilemmas. Famous cases will be used to provide a realistic grounding to the content and participants will be tasked to apply those concepts and discuss their insights. A particular emphasis is placed on the concept of justice, and how managers can apply these insights within an organisational setting.
The course is heavily group-focused and includes case discussion and role playing activities.
- Who’s Responsible for the Drawbridge Drama? by Mueller, U., and Schaefer, U., ESMT ES1042-PDF-ENG, 2010
- Learning objective: The case introduces students to topics such as “responsible leadership” and “responsible business”. It also provides an engaging illustration of how people look at the same context or phenomenon, but reach very different interpretations and judgments.
- “Rajat Gupta“, by Healy, P.M., and Soltes, E.,, Harvard Case no, 117004-PDF-ENG
- Learning objective: The case explores how a prominent and successful executive can engage in misconduct. In addition, the case explores the nature of illicit insider trading.
- “Through the Eyes of a Whistle-Blower: How Sherry Hunt Spoke Up About Citibank’s Mortgage Fraud“, by Waytz, A., and Kilibarda, V., Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern Univ. December 2014
- Learning objective: The case helps students to gain experience resolving ethical dilemmas in which two values may conflict, such as professional duty and personal ethics. It enables students to identify behaviors that help a whistle-blower be effective and discuss how incentive structures, management, and culture play roles in promoting or hindering ethical behavior in organizations.
- Friedman, M., “The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase its Profits” New York Times Magazine, September 13th 1970
- “Just good business” Special Report, The Economist, January 2008
- Alchian, A., (1950) “Uncertainty, Evolution, and Economic Theory“, Journal of Political Economy, 58(3):211-221
- Schmidtz, D., (2006) Elements of Justice, Cambridge University Press [Buy from Amazon.com]
- Beard, S., “Deep ethics: the long-term quest to decide right from wrong” 18th June 2019
- Strain, Michael R., “Milton Friedman Was Right About Shareholder Capitalism“, Bloomberg Opinion September 18th 2020
- Crane, A., and Matten, D. Business Ethics (Oxford University Press, 4th Edition)
An Inspector Calls is the classic literary depiction of how responsibility can be shared among many people. Although I find the social commentary to be frustratingly simplistic, there is a 2015 BBC Drama version that you may find worth watching. The 2017 Netflix Series, ‘13 Reasons Why‘ explores similar themes, but I haven’t watched it.
The 1957 movie, ‘12 Angry Men‘ is a classic. It shows how a natural drive to reach consensus can mask important insights, and that the role of Devil’s Advocate can be important in team settings.
Eyal Press’s 2012 book ‘Beautiful Souls: Saying No, Breaking Ranks, and Heeding the Voice of Conscience in Dark Times‘ is a rich and engaging collection of stories about people refusing to adhere to authority. It shows how whistleblowers are not typically anarchists who enjoy flouting rules, but people who value those rules so highly they insist on holding their superiors to them. It includes the story of a Serbian man who, in 1991, risked his own life to protect captured Croatians from execution, as well a Swiss police official who broke the law by giving entry permits to Jewish refugees in 1938.
Regarding the importance of involving the local community in a company’s strategy, see Steve Jobs; testimonies to Cupertino city council, in 2006:
…and again in June 2011
The most famous whistleblowing case of recent times is Edward Snowden. Citizenfour is a critically acclaimed documentary:
For a contrarian view on sweatshops, see John Stossel:
My favourite documentary on Lance Armstrong is ‘The Armstrong Lie‘
A charming example of passing on a favour is the music video to Clay Walker’s ‘Chain of Love‘:
Here’s Hans Rosling explaining why most of the world is better off than you think:
You can watch the PBS version of ‘Command and Control’ here.
- The US Holocaust Museum has a module on Ethical Leadership
- Michael Sandel’s legendary Harvard course on Justice is available as an online course (view Part 1 here).
Finally, you can test your understanding of the content, and provide me with useful feedback, by completing this quiz: